Our Composite Housing Offers World Class Performance Standards
The engineering for our modular composite housing structures proposed meets the following general building codes, material specifications, and process specifications:
• International Building Code (IBC) 2009 - The European Union's standard Building Code
• BSI - The British Standards Institute provided by many elemental components for the creation and adoption of the IBC 2009)
• South Africa Building Code (SABC) - South Africa's standard building code
• IBC Standard 27-9 and AISI "Specification for Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members" - for the steel framing
• 2009 IBC Fundamentals Structural Provisions for Engineers
• ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) Standard ASCE 7-05 - Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures
• Southern Building Code (SBC 2011) - generally regarded as the highest standard of building codes in the US
• AISC (American Institute of Steel Construction) 360
• International Fire Code (IFC) 2009 - The European Union standard Fire Code
• ACI (American Concrete Institute) 318 Building Code - Requirements for Structural Concrete
• Wind Load engineering increased up to 186 mph exposure D (3-second gust)
• Roof live load is engineered to be 20 pounds per square foot
• Structural integrity "as built" meets specification for Seismic Design "Category D" (International Zone 4)
What are Composite Materials?
Composite materials are formed by combining two or more constituent materials. This combination of materials is better, stronger, lighter, and often less expensive than conventional materials. Composite materials technology is frequently used in high performance products such as aerospace components, boat hulls, race cars, bridges, buildings, and military vehicles.
Although composite materials are more lightweight than conventional materials, they can withstand harsher conditions and more stressful loads. Composite materials gain their unique characteristics by the synergism of their key components. Unlike conventional building materials, composite based panels are lightweight, high-strength and fire, weather, water, mold and mildew resistant. The precise engineering and light weight of the panels ensures minimum environmental impact and low cost construction.
Panels can be stored and shipped efficiently (typically in ocean shipping containers), can be handled by small work crews and can be framed into a structure in as little as five days. They produce virtually no on-site waste and are low maintenance. Moreover, composite homes are strengthened and supported by a steel framework designed to provide signfiicant overall reinforcement. Steel framing also supports the roof of each house, which is also made of lightweight composite materials.
As a result of the use of strong yet lightweight construction materials, composite homes are durable and can withstand signficant environmental forces. They can be designed to withstand high roof loads, wind loads, and wind speeds as high as 186mph (300 km/h). This is especially important in earthquake zones such as Haiti, as well as areas vulnerable to high-wind storms such as island communities, coastal regions and desert communities.
How are Composite Materials Made?
Generally speaking, composite materials are engineered by sandwiching matrix materials around reinforcement materials. The matrix material supports the reinforcement component by maintaining its position. The reinforcement component synergistically strengthens the matrix's physical and mechanical properties by imparting its own properties to the matrix materials. Matrix materials often consist of polymers or resins such as polyester, polypropylene, and epoxy as well as cement, metals and ceramics. Reinforcement materials may include fibers made of glass, carbon, cellulose or even steel bars and wire mesh.
The materials are generally fabricated in a mold by saturating the reinforcement materials with the matrix. Through heat or chemical reaction, the materials band together into a stiff, rigid structure. The fabrication of CBS' composite materials involves powerful, high quality processes incorporating world-class, ISO-based, manufacturing standards. The core of CBS' approach involves the use of state-of-the-art Structural Insulated composite Panels (SIPs). The SIP panels' constituents include conventional cement board, magnesium oxide board, or thin-gauge steel or fibrous-reinforced skins sandwiched around polystyreen or polyurethane insulation.
We currently offer residential units which are customizable and range in size from 721 square feet (indoor living area) to approximately 2,500 square feet. These units are configured as single family residences, duplexes, four-plexes and lofts-on-stilts. We can combine residential units to deliver hotel and community solutions. The single story units can be stacked up to five units high in situations where it is optimal to build vertically. We expect to introduce additional units (both smaller and larger) in the near term. Please double-click on the thumbnail images below to view our current offerings: